Review Article | Volume 1 | Issue 1 | December 2020, pp.58-63
Utilization of Microbes for Sustainable Agriculture: Review
1Jagruti Patil, 2Aakash Pawar, 3Yogesh Chaudhari, 4Rohan Yadav
1Department of Microbiology, Rasiklal Chunilal Patel Arts, Commerce and Science College, Shirpur, Maharashtra, India.
2,3Department of Microbiology, Karamshibhai Jethabhai Somaiya College of Arts, Commerce and Science Kopargaon, Maharashtra, India.
4Department of Zoology, Karamshibhai Jethabhai. Somaiya College of Arts, Commerce and Science Kopargaon, Maharashtra, India.
Received on: December 10, 2020, Accepted on: December 20, 2020,Published on: December 25, 2020
Cite this article as: Patil, J., Pawar, A., Chaudhari, Y., & Yadav, R. (2020). Utilization of Microbes for Sustainable Agriculture: Review. International Journal of Microbial Science, 1(1),58-63.
Sustainable agriculture is a system of farming using a microbe that protects the environment, maintains natural resources, produces healthy foods, and minimizes the use of chemical pesticides or fertilizers. Soil microbes like bacteria and fungi play an essential role in maintaining soil fertility, decomposing organic matter, and recycling nutrients. The presence of microorganisms in soil depends on the soil properties like moisture, pH, temperature, oxygen, salinity, porosity. Rhizosphere microbial communities play important role in plant protection, growth promotion, and production of antibiotics. Soil horizon maintenance is also vital for soil health and quality. The soil environment consists of a variety of physical, chemical, and biological factors that directly affect the diversity of microbes. For sustainable agriculture, soil-microbial diversity is important for ensuring soil productivity, and increase in crop production. The microbial technologies, for instance, gene-editing system, RNAi mediated gene silencing, proteomics, Genetic engineering, Metagenomics, Metatranscriptomics, and microbial whole-genome sequencing are used for sustainable agriculture. In this review, we investigated magnitude of microbes in sustainable agricultural development.
Keywords: Sustainable Agriculture, Soil Microbes, Diversity, Microbial Technology